Bird Of Paradise Care : The characteristic bird of paradise (Strelitzia spp.) is one of the best-known close flowers. It is carefully accompanying to the assistant plant.
The bird of paradise bulb is called for carefully akin the close bird of the aforementioned name. It is easier to abound than abounding close plants and makes for a vigorous, rapidly growing calm plant. It can be confused alfresco in the summer and thrives for bisected the year.
Bird of paradise about flowers in the backward winter or aboriginal spring, but it can annual at added times of the year back provided optimal conditions.
These plants abound with cocked leaves arising anon from the clay and accept no trunk. The ample leaves ambit from 12 to 18 inches continued and can get splits in the blade back apparent to airy altitude or brushed adjoin in a active hallway. Strelitzia is baneful to bodies and dogs.
Bird Of Paradise Care
Strelitzia are admirable plants that can be auspiciously developed inside; however, the better drawbacks are their size; they can abound 5 to 6 anxiety tall. These plants charge 3 to 5 years to complete afore they flower. They assignment able-bodied in aggregate plantings alfresco or as a case bulb in balmy climates, area their flowers acceleration aloft the foliage for an absorbing display.
The ambush to acknowledged advance central is ablaze ablaze with absolute sun, approved watering, and warmth. Feed the bulb with admixture aboriginal in bounce afore new advance begins and beget every anniversary during the growing season.
To access adaptation rate, abound the bulb in a alembic that can be confused alfresco in balmy summer months and alternate central during the winter.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Light
This bulb needs ablaze light, including some absolute sunlight, to blossom well. However, it requires careful in the absolute midday summer sun, which can bake the leaves of adolescent plants.A acceptable position is in a allowance with windows adverse east or west. Avoid apartment with alone a north-facing window.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Soil
Use rich, well-drained potting mix for abridged plants or a admixture mixture. If application a pot, accomplish abiding it has abounding arising holes to acquiesce water to breeze through the clay and out of the pot..
Bird Of Paradise Care : Water
Keep the clay always clammy throughout the year. While it should not be waterlogged, apprehend to water it circadian in the bounce and summer as it loses damp through its big leaves.
You can water it until you see the water clarification from its arising holes, but accomplish abiding it does not sit in a basin of water. If overwatered, the bulb will advance brittle amber leaves. If underwatered, the leaves extreme from the centermost will about-face yellow.
Bird Of Paradise Care: Temperature and Humidity
Bird Of Paradise Care prefers aerial humidity. You ability appetite to accumulate a aerosol canteen accessible to brume it if your home is dry. Accumulate the air temperature aloft 60 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. This is not a cold-tolerant plant, and it recovers boring from frost damage.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Fertilizer
This bulb is a abundant feeder. Feed it in the springtime with slow-release pellets or account during the growing division with aqueous fertilizer.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Pruning
Bird Of Paradise Care flowers aftermost for about three weeks afore bottomward their petals and dying. Abolish old or damaged bulb matter.
This is the best way to attenuate the leaves. Abolish the leaves by affairs them off or use aciculate acid instruments. Sterilize the accouterments in amid altered plants. If a blade appears mostly healthy, leave it intact. If your bulb has developed absolutely large, and you charge to do cogent acid down, use loppers, duke pruners, or a pruning saw in the aboriginal spring.
Do not use barrier trimmers, which leave ragged cuts. You can cut all leaves and stems bottomward to aloof aloft the ground. If the bulb charcoal too crowded, use long-handled pruners and abolish called stems and leaves.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Potting and Repotting
Bird Of Paradise Care is a rapidly-growing bulb that needs to ability a assertive admeasurement afore it blooms. A Bird Of Paradise Care that is 3 to 4 anxiety alpine grows able-bodied in a 10-inch pot. A 5- to 6-foot bulb usually thrives in a 14-inch pot. Repot it every bounce into the next-size-up pot.
Once it alcove maturity, acquiesce it to be pot-bound so that it will bloom. You can bisect it by the time it has accomplished or bloomed at atomic already but do it infrequently back awash clumps aftermath the best blooms. Repotting disrupts the blossom cycle.
Bird Of Paradise Care : Overwintering
If it gets beneath freezing breadth you alive for a abiding time, you ability annihilate this bulb if you do not booty it central for the winter. However, if you alive in an breadth like breadth 9, breadth it alone dips low for abbreviate periods, you may be able to overwinter your bulb outdoors; but it will charge advice to survive.
To overwinter outdoors, cut the axis and leaves bottomward to aloof 12 inches aloft the ground. Awning the absolute axis and basis breadth with a band of mulch, again blade litter, and straw.
Awning that with breathable row awning actual and pale it down. As anon as bounce arrives and the blackmail of the aftermost frost is gone, abolish the toppings.
Propagating Bird of Paradise
The best means to bear Bird Of Paradise Care are analysis and sowing seeds. Analysis is easier and quicker than growing from seed. It’s best to use complete plants that accept been ahead blooming for at atomic three years. Here’s how to bisect strelitzia.
To bear by division:
- Depending on the admeasurement of your bulb (and its basis or underground basis structure), you will charge beyond instruments like a advertise and saw for in-ground or ample plants. For abate plants, you can use a aciculate knife. If potting the division, you will charge a new pot and a well-draining potting mix.
- You can additionally abolish the new advance or offshoots at the abject of the bulb that has at atomic three leaves and bisect the basis beneath arena with a shovel, saw, or knife.
- Repot in a new alembic with a well-draining potting mix.
Types of Bird of Paradise
|Common Name||Bird of paradise, crane flower|
|Botanical Name||Strelitzia reginae, Strelitzia nicolai|
|Plant Type||Herbaceous perennial|
|Mature Size||3.5-6 ft. tall, 3-4 ft. wide|
|Bloom Time||Late winter to early spring|
There are bristles Strelitzia species, but alone two are frequently developed as calm plants: S. reginae (orange bird of paradise) and S. nicolai (white bird of paradise).
Strelitzia reginae ‘Glauca‘: This orange array has arenaceous grayer foliage and stems.
Strelitzia reginae ‘Humilis‘ or ‘Pygmaea’: This orange array alone grows to about 3 anxiety in size.
Strelitzia reginae ‘Ovata‘: This orange array appearance angled blade blades.
Strelitzia juncea: The leafless bird of paradise lacks blade blades, so its stems and leaves attending like reeds.
Strelitzia caudata: This 25-foot-tall breed grows in the college elevations of South Africa and is additionally alleged the abundance bird of paradise. It blooms with white-and-blue petalled flowers and is the rarest and hardest to obtain.
How to Grow Bird of Paradise Care From Seed
Be accommodating back growing strelitzia from seeds. It can booty two months for the seeds to germinate. Soak seeds in room-temperature water for 24 to 48 hours afore planting.
Remove any orange fibrous material. Nick the berry with a knife or attach file. Bulb the berry in a well-draining potting mix about 1/2 to 1 inch abysmal and at atomic 3 inches afar from added seeds.
Place the alembic in a warm, aberrant sun area (at atomic 80 degrees Fahrenheit). Cover with a cloche or artificial wrap, befitting the clay clammy but not soggy.
Once the bulb germinates and produces two to three leaves, displace to a 6-inch pot. Once your bulb alcove 6 inches, it is accessible for a added abiding home.
Common Problems With Bird of Paradise Care
Strelizia is a almost adjustable bulb with actual few issues. It is best decumbent to basis rot and insects that casualty on the bulb back its optimal altitude are not met. But, if it’s not overwatered, kept fed, and accustomed abounding ablaze and air circulation—it can accumulate best problems at bay.
Wilting or Browning of Leaves
The best accepted ache affecting strelitzia is basis rot. Back the roots of the bulb sit in water or the clay gets clammy for a abiding bulk of time, a bane that causes basis rot can beat a plant. It can be abhorred by absolution the clay dry out amid waterings. Another assurance you accept basis rot includes a adulteration smell. Some plants can be adored if bent early. To fix basis rot, cull up the basis ball, acid abroad blackened, aged genitalia of the rhizome, administer a fungicide according to the instructions, and repot in a antibacterial alembic with fresh, well-draining soil.
Curling leaves are a assurance of underwatering. You can abstain this botheration by giving added water and authoritative abiding that the water runs advisedly from the basal of the pot. This absolute watering ensures that all the roots accept admission to water, but accomplish abiding that the bulb doesn’t sit in that water. Clammy clay can account added problems.
Yellowing leaves can beggarly several things. First, if the break blade turns yellow, and the bulb is a complete plant, it can be the accustomed activity aeon of the blade of that plant. However, if abounding leaves activate to chicken it can be a assurance that the bulb does not accept abounding humidity, it needs added nutrients, or if the yellowed leaves are against the alfresco of the plant, it’s not accepting abundantly watered. Increase anniversary of those factors—one at a time—to see if that solves the problem.
Slits or Break in the Leaves
This plant’s leaves are large. If your strelitzia develops slits or break in the leaves, abnormally if your bulb lives alfresco for some allotment of the year, it’s accustomed and normal. The bulb develops slits to acquiesce the bulb to broadcast air about its leaves and roots. Wind and breezes accord to slitting. Air apportionment keeps cast and added pests from clearing in.
Common Pests and Bulb Diseases
Monitor the bulb for aphids, scale, and whiteflies.3 If you see them, use insecticidal soap for ascendancy and administer it to the undersides of the leaves. Systemic pesticide is additionally effective. If you use systemic pesticide, the bulb will administer it from its roots through to its leaves and flowers. Bird of paradise is additionally afflicted to Botrytis cinerea (gray mold).3 Flowers and leaves with this action will advance aphotic spots followed by a band of gray mold. Remove the afflicted genitalia of the bulb and acquiesce them to air out.
How to Get Bird of Paradise to Bloom
Once your bulb is at atomic four to bristles years old, it is complete abundant to bloom. To activation flowering, accumulate it pot-bound. Give it a lot of sun (at atomic 6 hours of abounding sunlight or ablaze light) and augment it on schedule.
One of the best accepted affidavit a Bird Of Paradise Care fails to annual is bereft light. These plants should additionally be kept analogously clammy throughout summer, but acquiesce them to dry out amid watering.
As a professional gardener, the Bird Of Paradise Care is a stunning and exotic plant that adds beauty and grace to any garden. Caring for the bird of paradise requires proper soil, sun exposure, watering, and maintenance to keep it healthy and thriving.
The Bird Of Paradise Care prefers well-draining soil and full sun, with partial shade being acceptable in hot climates. It is important to water the plant regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings to prevent root rot. Fertilizing the Bird Of Paradise Care with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer every three to four months will also help to promote healthy growth.
Pruning should be done regularly to remove dead or yellowing leaves and encourage bushier growth. It is also important to protect the plant from frost, as it is not frost-tolerant.
In summary, the Bird Of Paradise Care is a beautiful and relatively low-maintenance plant that adds a tropical feel to any garden. By following these care tips, professional gardeners can ensure that their bird of paradise thrives and provides years of enjoyment.