Sunflower – (genus Helianthus), genus of almost 70 species of herbaceous plants from the daisy family (Asteraceae). Sunflowers are primarily native to North and South America, and some species are grown as ornamentals for their spectacular size and flower heads, and for their edible seeds.
Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) is grown for its edible underground tubers. Common sunflower (H. annuus) is an annual herb with a 1–4 rough, hairy stem.
5 meters (3–15 ft) tall and wide, with coarse teeth, rough leaves 7.5–30 cm (3–12 in) long, arranged in a whorl. The attractive flower heads are 7.5-15 cm in diameter, often 30 cm or more in cultivated species. The disc florets are brown, yellow, or purple, while the petaloid ray florets are yellow.
The fruit is a single-seeded achene. Oilseed varieties often have small black achenes, while those grown for direct seed consumption, known as confectionery varieties, have larger black and white achenes that can be easily separated from the seeds they contain.
The Sunflower Life Cycle
Sunflower Life Cycle – Sunflowers are famous for their tall stems and bright yellow flowers. Besides the beauty of the flower, its seeds are very nutritious. Although sunflowers do best in full sun, they are a hardy plant and can withstand dry climates and most soils.
Both novice and experienced gardeners will enjoy the minimal care required to grow a sunflower from seedling to full maturity.
Sunflowers bloom all summer and early fall. Read the different stages of a sunflower’s life cycle to learn how sunflowers are harvested and used in everyday life.
For example, giving the gift of sunflowers is a great way to show a friend or loved one how much you care. The vibrant color of this well-known plant will brighten up any room.
Stage Of Sunflowers
Sunflowers go through five stages during their life cycle. The life of the sunflower begins with the germination phase. Then the vegetative phase takes place when the plant forms leaves.
Soon after, the reproductive phase enters and the flower bud is formed. Then comes the flowering phase and the flower is fully developed. Once the season is over, you can harvest the seeds for personal use.
Once you have planted your sunflower seeds, the germination stage of the flower’s life cycle begins. This phase lasts up to eight days.
During germination, roots develop from the seed and a shoot breaks through the soil surface. The sprout seeks sunlight because all plants need sunlight to grow.
Germination generally occurs from mid-April to late May, depending on when you plant the seeds.
After germination, the vegetative phase of the sunflower life cycle begins. Your plant will remain a seedling for about 13 days after penetrating the soil. This early part of the vegetative phase is called vegetative emergence.
Once the plant forms its first leaf, which is at least 4 centimeters long, the plant is officially in vegetative stage one (V1). When the plant develops two leaves at least four centimeters long, it enters the second vegetative stage (V2) etc.
If you plant your sunflower in April or May, the vegetative phase will occur in May or early June.
The reproductive phase occurs when a cocoon forms between the leaf tufts of the plant. The cocoon may initially have a star-shaped appearance, but once the reproductive stage is complete you will see your cocoon transform into a tall, stalked yellow stalk. flowering plant you know so well.
A sunflower takes about thirty days to bloom. The reproductive period begins in June and ends in July or August.
Once your sunflower is in full bloom, you have about 20 days to enjoy the beauty of the flower. The flowering phase gives the bees an opportunity to pollinate the flower and fertilize the seeds.
When the back of the sunflower head turns yellow, you know the seeds are ripening. The flowering phase is the best time to take advantage of your sunflower’s yellow flowers. You can put your flowers in a vase, give them away in a bouquet, or make a wreath for fall.
To harvest your sunflower seeds, wait until the sunflower sags and turns brown. Next, cut off the stem, leaving four inches from the sunflower’s head.
You should store the sunflower head upside down in a dry, breathable bag. Your seeds should be ready to harvest within 110–125 days of planting the bud.
This means if you planted your seeds in May, your sunflower will die back in early to mid-August and you should have seeds ready to harvest by the end of August or September. Because sunflowers are annuals, they need to be replanted year after year.
Sunflower History – The development of the commercial sunflower was a multinational effort that spanned continents and millennia. The sunflower is native to North America and was first cultivated by indigenous tribes more than 4,500 years ago.
Native Americans bred the sunflower from its originally bushy, multi-headed species to produce a single-stemmed plant with a large flower.
The varied uses of the harvest included milling to make flour or semolina for making bread and cakes. chopped up and eaten whole, either as a snack or mixed with other grains, nuts and legumes in a type of muesli.
Early Americans also discovered that sunflower oil could be extracted and used in cooking. Aside from the plant’s food value, archaeologists have shown that the sunflower has a variety of non-food uses.
The oils and pigments of the sunflower were used as sunscreens or as the basis for a purple dye for skin, hair, or textile adornments, while the plant’s tough, fibrous stem was used in construction.
The sunflower was a staple in North America for about 4,000 years until it was discovered by European explorers in 1510. Spanish sailors were the first to collect large quantities of sunflower seeds and send them back to Europe.
But for the next 200 years, Europeans overlooked the food and oil potential of sunflowers. Instead, the exotic-looking flowers spread to Western Europe as ornamentals or, to a lesser extent, medicinally as anti-inflammatory.
Sunflower cultivation developed during the 18th century and by the early 19th century had spread across Europe to Russia and Ukraine.
In Russia, the potential of the plant for oil production was identified. But this development was partly due to a quirk of fate and the Russian Orthodox Church.
In the 18th century, the Church issued a decree for Lent that forbade the consumption of foods containing various oils and fats.
To help parishioners comply with the rule, the Orthodoxy published a list of banned substances. However, he omitted sunflower oil from the list.
The Sunflower Seeds
Sunflower seeds are popular in trail mix, multigrain bread and bars, and as snacks straight from the bag. They’re high in healthy fats, beneficial plant compounds, and various vitamins and minerals.
These nutrients may play a role in reducing the risk of common health problems, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Here’s everything you need to know about sunflower seeds, including their nutrition, benefits and nutrition.
What A Sunflower Seed
Sunflower seeds are technically the fruit of the sunflower plant (Helianthus annuus). Seeds are harvested from the plant’s large flower heads, which can be over 12 inches (30.5 cm) in diameter. A single sunflower head can contain up to 2,000 seeds. There are two main types of sunflower crops.
One species is grown for the seeds you eat, while the other, which is mainly cultivated, is grown for the oil. The sunflower seeds you eat are encased in inedible black and white striped husks, also called husks.
Used to extract sunflower oil have solid black shells. Sunflower seeds have a mild, nutty flavor and a firm but delicate texture. They are often roasted to enhance flavor, although they can also be bought raw.
Best Time To See Sunflower Fields
Sunflower Fields – Swimming pools.Backyard BBQs Days at the beach.Popsicles and sundaes galore.These are all signs of everyone’s favorite season: SUMMER.
You know what else is an indicator of the best time of year? sunflower fields! And I’ve put together the best tips for your next visit to a sunny field.
Why Visit A Sunflower Field ?
Do I really have to answer that? The better question is why not visit a sunflower field? They literally spit out happiness. I could sell my house and start living in one; I feel his magnificence so strongly. While we spend our lives telling them not to look directly at the sun, sunflowers are brave enough to do so every time.
one day. And your beauty depends on it! People have always been fascinated by sunflowers. The beauty of these mesmerizing flowers was permanently evoked by the famous painter Vincent Van Gogh when he painted five sunflowers on canvas in the late 1880s.
He once told his brother in a letter that “the sunflower is mine” and that “the sun itself cannot make the world shine without a soul feeling its light”. It’s hard to disagree!
He painted his masterpiece using just three shades of yellow and nothing more, proving that even a simple painting can be beautiful and eloquent.
He used his sunflower images to express gratitude and when you stand in the middle of a beautiful sunflower farm you will be so thankful for that magical feeling in the air.
Hundreds of years later, sunflowers still capture the hearts of artists around the world, whether they are painters, photographers, so or a family looking for a beautiful spot. for a summer picnic.
Best Time For Visit Sunflower Field
Sunflowers typically bloom from mid-summer to late fall, so peak season is typically late July to early September.
However, the maximum flowering time for sunflowers is only about two to three weeks. Wherever you want to go, call ahead. to find out if the flowers are still blooming and how long they will bloom.
The Characteristics of a Sunflower
The large, colorful flower heads of the common sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) are known to make us smile. They’re big, bigger than most other garden flowers, and they always seem to cheer us up.
You may already be a fan of those familiar sunny blooms, but did you know that sunflowers can grow over 12 feet tall or how tall the current world record holder is?
Sunflowers grow fast and it is very easy to start from seed. Here are some general growing tips:
Sow sunflower seeds directly into the garden after the last frost date in your area; Read the seed packet for spacing and depth recommendations.
Sow seeds (or plant transplants) in an area that gets full sun; Sunflowers need at least six to eight hours of sun a day. Make sure the soil is well drained; they do not tolerate damp soil
You eat a lot; fertile soil rich in organic matter will produce strong, healthy plants. Water plants deeply but infrequently when plants are young;
They can tolerate drought once established. If you’re growing a tall strain consider staking them out so they don’t get blown over in high winds, the large flower heads can get quite heavy; If possible, plant them in a spot that offers some wind protection
What Does a Sunflower Tattoo Symbolize ?
Due to their eye-catching appearance, sunflower tattoos have been attracting people’s attention lately and many metaphors can be applied to this globe-spanning flower.
With their large circular centers and lively manes of petals, sunflowers look like little suns here. on earth. It’s no surprise that they make beautiful tattoo art and are a popular choice for all ages and genders. A sunflower tattoo would suit someone with a happy disposition or someone who would like to get one.
The sunflower tattoo is a popular symbol in all religions and spiritual beliefs. These types of tattoos have a variety of meanings that vary from person to person.
The meaning of a sunflower tattoo is usually joy or happiness and sometimes it means faith or growth. Sunflower tattoos can also represent hope and warmth.
The sunflower tattoo design can be filled with natural tattoo motifs, geometric tattoo patterns, grainy rugged traditional American style or even have a face in the center of the flower.
These are among the many designs in which the sunflower tattoo can have different meanings.
Thanks For Read… 😀
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